I think we can all agree that plants and flowers are really nice to have in your house and that gardening or taking care of plants in general, is really fun. The problem is though, that since most of us live in apartments, having a garden or even owning a few plants is simply out of the question. Well, it’s time for that to change!
More and more people each day are discovering the joys of indoor gardening.
Yes, you read that right: thanks to spectacular advances in science and technology, it is really possible and easy to “build” and maintain an indoor garden. Indoor Hydroponic Gardening allows plants to grow without needing sunlight or even soil.
The only things you’ll need to setup your garden in your apartment, are seeds, led grow lights, some special nutrients that will allow your plant to grow without having to plant it in soil and the right how-to guide to get you started. So today, I’ll walk you through the ultimate guide on how to start your indoor garden! Keep reading!
Introduction to indoor gardening
Indoor gardening is a method of growing plants and vegetables in nutrients solutions, that are dissolved in the water, but without the use of soil.
Gravel, perlite or mineral wool can be used to support the plants and only the root system needs to be in the hydroponic nutrient solution.
The system is not new. Already in the nineteenth-century research showed that plants derive their nutrients from the water, in which these nutrients are dissolved. The soil only acts as a reservoir for the water and nutrients. If we add nutrients to the water by hand, soil is not a necessary medium anymore. You can grow almost every known plant by means of indoor gardening.
At first, they described indoor gardening as a way of cultivating plants in water. But since a lot of media can support the plants, it is nowadays described as cultivating plants without the use of soil.
It is an ideal means when the water supply is not large or when the ground is not very fertile. Concerning indoor gardening, it is an ideal way to grow your own plants or vegetables even when you do not have a lot of room. Even when you happen to live in an apartment with or without a balcony.
On a larger scale, you can use a greenhouse to grow plants in a mix without soil to grow. Hydroponic nutrients solutions are then added to the water, which is added to the growing mix.
Benefits Of Starting An Indoor Garden
Indoor Gardening is great for anyone no matter what season. You can garden indoors anytime of the year because you have full control of the conditions. You can grow plants indoors even if it’s winter.
In fact, it’s not only better to plant indoors because your plants would be free from frost-bites but also because they would be free of most pests. Planting indoors gives you the comfort of caring for your plants even if you only have time for them during the evenings. Besides, you can prevent people from stealing your plants or prevent the neighbors’ pets from ruining them if you plant them indoors.
The advantages are numerous for the home gardener. You do not have to weed for example since there is no soil used as a basis for the plants. Also, there will be no pests in your plants. So the chance for survival of the indoor garden plants is larger since diseases are minimized.
Another advantage as a consequence of this is that the plants are more healthy and vigorous because all of the plant growth factors are controlled in a correct way. Another advantage is the fact that the plants mature faster.
Also, It is possible to automate the indoor gardening system with a timer. The gardener will be more flexible and only has to check the level of nutrients once in a while. Furthermore, the plants or vegetables will not be forgotten and get their necessary nutrients on time. A regular schedule of getting water and nutrients is important for the plants and will stimulate a healthy growth.
The last advantage is that this type of gardening does not use much space.
Indoor hydroponic gardening is not a new method of gardening. But the possibilities have grown, especially for indoor gardening in smaller areas. This method has a lot of advantages and can be easily automated. Control is the main advantage. When taking the rules into account you will be able to grow sturdy plants and beautiful flowers in indoor gardening.
What To Plant For Your Indoor Garden
Indoor gardening is a smart and great way to bring the outdoors into your home. Especially for those who live in confined areas where there is no room for a garden. Some gardeners also set one up to continue enjoying fresh produce even through the winter season.
For modern home dwellers, living in a very fast-paced lifestyle, it offers a quick reprieve from daily stresses. Though some gardeners really take time and effort to set up mini-green rooms with full soil and hydroponic garden set-ups, most of us barely have time to get ready in the morning. But, even with a very busy schedule, you can still enjoy the benefits of indoor gardening.
It’s all about choosing the right plants that require basic plant growth factors and without the need to invest in a lot of indoor gardening supplies.
Low Maintenance Plants For Your Indoor Garden That You’ll Love
Spider Plants are a common housewarming gift and actually very low maintenance. Its leaves grow from the center outward which makes it an attractive hanging plant. Plant growth factors to consider are good ventilation, adequate water and remember to keep it out of the midday sun.
One of the best indoor gardening plants you can get is a snake plant; a common plant for those always on the go and probably one of the hardest plants to kill. Although best to put it in moderate to bright light, you can still put it anywhere and it will thrive. You only need to water this every 7 to 10 days.
Give your indoor garden a tropical touch with a Dragon Tree. With moderate care, it can grow up to 10 feet. It thrives in low light, which makes it a popular indoor plant choice for homes and offices. No need for any indoor gardening supply to take care of this. Just wait for the soil to feel dry before watering again.
If you prefer something that blooms in your indoor garden, you may consider the Bromeliad, also called the ‘pineapple plant’ because of its appearance. It is a popular indoor choice not just for its bright appearance but its ability to thrive in low lighting conditions. You actually cannot put it under direct sunlight or even under a hot light bulb or else it will die. This plant requires minimum watering with good drainage and you can enjoy its bloom cycle for a long time.
Most indoor gardeners plant herbs for cooking inside their homes especially within their kitchens. You will often see potted fresh herbs on the window sills of chefs or people who simply love to cook. This allows them easily to grab some fresh herbs while cooking.
You can also plant flowers or small ornamental plants if you want your home to look more attractive or to feel homier. Even people who have a front yard or backyard for planting may choose indoor gardening especially if they need to have their own source of medicinal plants, want quick access to fresh herbs or just want to add a little greenery inside their homes.
Things You Will Need To Do To Start An Indoor Garden
Before you can start gardening indoors, you would first need to prepare all the necessary tools, materials or other indoor gardening supplies (like garden dump carts) you might need.
These could include pots, flooding trays, artificial lighting, shovels, watering cans, fertilizers, pesticides, cheap wheelbarrows and potting soil and alternatives in case you plan to do a soil-less hydroponic gardening.
Next, read up some tips to start an indoor garden. This is important because it’s a fact that growing plants indoors is a lot different than growing them outdoors. Your knowledge on the different plant growth factors (such as lighting, temperature, garden tools etc.) could be the basis of your success.
Here are some indoor gardening tips to get you started:
Find the right place for your garden
One of the most important aspects of indoor gardening is finding the right place to set up your garden. You should keep it in an area of your house or apartment that is not used often.
You should make sure to place your garden as far away from electrical outlets as possible and to make sure that it’s well ventilated. A spare bedroom or even a garage, if you like to think big, are ideal candidates.
Buy the right Indoor Gardening Supplies
Every indoor garden needs certain things or supplies. First of all, you’ll need a ballast. Then you’ll have to get some grow lamps, as well as specially designed, grow lamp bulbs. You can find those things in most hardware or gardening shops.
You will also find a lot of indoor gardening starter sets and kits that will contain all the essential supplies, which is the perfect option for people who don’t have time to do research on the subject.
The right temperature for indoor gardening
As far as plant growth factors go, the temperature is one of the most important. Most plants need temperatures between 70 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit in order to survive and grow healthily.
In order get this temperature for your indoor garden, you should either use a heater if you live in a cold climate area or place your indoor gardening plants close to a window if you happen to live in an area with generally warm climate.
How to grow light in indoor gardening
With regard to flowering indoor gardening, in case you have flowering indoor plants, they will certainly remain flourished throughout the year indoor gardening with grow lights. By definition, grow light implies electric lights already designed to enhance the development of plants.
In other words, these bulbs have been adjusted to release rays of lights structurally synonymous to those inside the sun.
Having successfully modeled the actual atmosphere and prompting photosynthesis indoor gardening, gardeners can now freely nurture very wide numerous indoor garden plants that can only be attributed to daylight only. The entire process is very direct and straight forward. The required tools are:
- Measuring tape
- Grow lights (Recommended led grow lights)
- Table or plant stand
- Light timer water
- Water soluble
- Multipurpose plant food
Identify your desirable place to fix your light fixtures. For effective outcome, grow lights must be utilized to improve the current daylight. Hence, the two plants and lights fixtures need to be located close to the window. The moment plants begin to grow in indoor gardening, the gap in between the grow lamps and the foliage must be regulated as a matter of importance.
The easiest way out of this confusion is the installation of hanging chains in the ceiling; this gives you tom room for easy adjustment to the apex of the light fixture.
Calculate the place where the lights will be applicable using an acceptable measuring tape. Based on this fact, select the appropriate bulb. Be reminded larger indoor gardening space will require more effective light to put there.
For instance, 2 square feet space is more befitting for one 250 watt bulb whereas 8 square feet will be required not less than 1000 watts. Organize one table or plant stand within the specified place. While the plant is already on the table, go ahead to install the lights. In case you have
Organize one table or plant stand within the specified place. While the plant is already on the table, go ahead to install the lights.
In case you have a preference for florescent lights, they can be placed 1 to 4 inches starting from the top of the foliage. Since they are not stimulating heat. Nevertheless, having chosen high-intensity discharge lamps, the fixture requires a minimum of 2 feet away from the top of the plants.
Link these lights to a timer. Ensure that you regulate the lighting system so as to allow the indoor gardening plant to be opened to grow lights for 12 solid hocus daily. If you notice that this same plant is still finding it difficult after 2 weeks, raise the exposure of hours beneath the lights by additional one hour every day. Be informed never to expose the indoor gardening plant to unnatural light sources beyond 16 hours on daily basis. In similarity to all living things, plants likewise required time for rest for adequate growth.
Finally, examine the plants twice or thrice weekly and sprinkle water when required. As a matter of fact, grow lights will sustain indoor gardening plant growth and as a result, they are likely to need additional water than normal.
Again, do not forget to feed the plants for a minimum of one time monthly, spreading one tablespoon of water soluble multipurpose plant food close to the base of every single indoor gardening plant.
Two Most Basic Plant Growth Factors In Raising Plants Indoors
When you’ve finally decided to do indoor gardening, the first thing you have to do is to think about proper lighting and watering. We all know that water and sunlight are the two primary needs of plants so you have to approach this properly. Most plants need minimum six hours of light and most plants die because of too much water. Check this article on how to save water in garden.
One advantage of planting indoors is that you can have full control of the amount of light and water your plants get every day. It would really help if you first research about the plants you plan to grow to know how much light or water they need on a daily basis.
Other Important Plant Growth Factors
Among the other important plant growth factors, you need to consider are the soil, temperature, and air circulation. Your indoor gardening task would be much easier if you know a lot more about these topics. When it comes to soil, you can’t just use any soil that you can find.
There are different types of soil and not all of them are suitable for growing indoor plants. Note that the best type of soil to use is potting soils as these have just enough nutrients that an indoor plant needs. On the other hand, you would still need to supplement your plants with organic fertilizers as all soils tend to lose their nutrients eventually.
Next among the necessary plant growth factors to consider in gardening is Temperature. Most indoor gardens require a fairly constant temperature of between 60 to 70 degrees which is optimal for growing. You can easily control this with proper lighting. Lastly, take into account the air flow within your indoor garden.
Proper air circulation is needed to grow healthy plants indoors especially if you want to keep bacteria and pests away. If you can’t prevent pests through air circulation, then you can spray natural pesticides to save your plants. All of the plant growth factors mentioned above are necessary, and that is, if you want to succeed in your indoor gardening.
Conclusion on indoor gardening tips
It’s very exciting and motivating particularly if well tendered in indoor gardening.
Not everyone has a green thumb, but everyone can learn how to garden. If you want to avoid the scorch of the sun while gardening, then you can instead try indoor gardening.
Gardening inside your home can be just as fun as fulfilling as outdoors. You only need to take note of some important plant growth factors to help you out with your task.
Before you can succeed in growing your herbs or vegetables inside your garden or house, you first need to know how to do it right. You don’t want to spend your money, time and energy cultivating seedlings inside your house but only end up futile in the long run.
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