The How’s and Whys of Getting Rid of Rodents

Getting Rid of Rodents

Rodents are everywhere, and that means that they can become a serious menace in your Ontario home. Not only do mice and rats carry diseases, they are perpetrators of damage throughout your home and supplies. There are many reasons why you should continuously work to prevent rodents from getting into your home.

Know the Signs of Rodent Infestation

The tell-tale signs of mice and other rodents in your home, according to Health Canada, are:

  • Damaged food packages in the pantry
  • Evidence of gnawed or chewed wood and plastic (such as wiring) throughout the property
  • Scratching sounds in the walls
  • Excrement
  • Holes found in and around the foundation walls
  • Rodent tracks left on dusty surfaces, usually most obvious in basements and attics
  • Inspect storage areas that don’t receive a lot of foot traffic. You might notice “rub” marks on the walls that comes from the oils and dirt on rodent’s fur and skin, which causes discoloration as they squeeze into holes or scurry along the baseboards.

Unfortunately, many homes in Ottawa, Rockland, Limoges and Cassel man are the perfect hideouts for mice and other rodents, since they are older and contain a number of nooks for hiding.

Why Rodent-Proofing is Important

As mentioned before, not only do rodents cause extensive and expensive damage to your home and leave droppings everywhere, these animals also spread diseases. Many of these ills can be transferred to humans.

Those diseases are as follows:

  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) — this can be transmitted by breathing in dust contaminated with rodent urine and droppings, through direct contact with rodents or their droppings, and through bite wounds;
  • Leptospirosis — this bacteria can be caught by eating food or drinking water contaminated with urine from infected rodents or through contact with the mucous membranes when in contact with water or soil contaminated with urine;
  • Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM) — contracted by breathing in dust polluted by urine and droppings or having direct contact with said excrement or rodent;
  • Plague — not so much of an issue in Canada now, but it is still prevalent in under-developed countries;
  • Rat-Bite Fever — both rats and mice carry this disease, and it can be contracted even when touching a dead rodent;
  • Salmonellosis (Salmonella bacteria)
  • Tularemia — gained through handling carcasses, being bitten by an infected tick, fly, rodent, etc., or breathing in the bacteria.

How to Rodent Proof Your Home

The most effective way to rodent-proof your home is to:

  • Eliminate incentives, such as food sources
  • Eliminate entry routes
  • Eliminate the population

Good sanitation practices are essential to keeping mice out of your home. Proper storage and cleaning will remove incentives, such as crumbs and garbage. Make sure you are cleaning underneath future, the cracks between appliances, and underneath cabinets.

Getting rid of entry routes requires some investigation. Be sure to limit access to nesting areas, patch up holes, get rid of vegetative cover, debris, and other things laying around. Mow your lawn regularly, and keep your mulch level to a minimum. You will also want to removed padded cushions from furniture, seal storage bins and warehouses tightly, and continuously lay traps.

How to Remove Rodents from Your Home

Throughout 2010 to 2015, the PMRA announced new regulations about rodenticides that contain toxic active ingredients. Be sure to follow the regulations precisely if you wish to use rodenticide around your home:

2010 Fact Sheet from the PRMA

2015 Fact Sheet from the PRMA [PDF]

Other deterrents, such as traps and glue boards, are easy to setup and use around your home. Otherwise, hiring licensed pest control exterminators is the only way to have commercial grade fumigant used in your home.

In short, no one wants rodents infesting their home. Mice and rats are invasive and carry a number of diseases that can harm you and your family. When the first sign of a mice problem shows itself, don’t wait for the rodent population to get out of control. Begin preventative measures immediately and contact your local licensed pest control exterminator to oust the rodents and protect your home and family.

 

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