Last Updated on October 24, 2018 by Daniel Cooper
Considering the diversity of each garden, it can be said that there is none that can’t become even better.
If you are tired of seeing the concrete or metal fences, and love colors, rocks and garden strict forms, consider a cheap and extremely decorative element of modern landscaped gardens.
The gabion will make the stone experience new wow effect and transform your flat boring garden into something new and exciting.
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What Is Gabion or Gabioni?
The “big cage” is the translation of this Italian notion. Gabion is actually a big wire basket filled with decorative stones according to your wishes. It’s a creative alternative to traditional fencing systems.
This already seen garden element exists since the middle ages. At the time of the rich Italian medieval creativity, the gabions were made of willow branches and filled with earth. The cages were arranged side by side creating fantastic elements around the castles and very few houses.
Today, the gabions are more durable and made of galvanized steel, filled with stone and besides decorating, are often used as support for slopes.
Lately, there are more and more gardeners who accept gabions as an unavoidable decorative element, because they fit into the natural environment and are desirable to creepy plants. Choose stone you like and become a unique gardener in your neighborhood.
In principle, the gabions can be filled with any favorite material, thus giving them a personal seal and uniqueness. You can use pieces of glass, pebbles from the river, old bricks or modern white pebbles. The limit is just your imagination. In any case, the material must be resistant to weather, otherwise, you will need to refill or change it. Greater the stone, greater the appearance of the gabion. Here are some of the most beautiful examples of the use of gabions in garden decoration, that tcan be yours tommorow.
Why Should I Choose Gabions?
- Gabions look natural and you can fill them with stones found around the house (if there is a nature around )
- They are permeable and can’t be damaged by the movement of water
- They are easy to install
- Have longevity
- The concrete wall is more susceptible to cracks due to damp soil
- Easy to create green wall feature
- You can do it yourself
Depending on your wish, you can get them in parts or in already pre-assembled sets, and then fill the material at the site. The gabion mesh wire is protected by a combination of zinc and aluminum, which guarantees their longevity.
How to Build Gabion Box?
These freestanding baskets with stones can also be used as seating benches flower baskets, for fixing the edges of the roads … There are companies that deal with the construction of gabions, but with few tips, you can gain a new skill and have work of your hands. Most gabion sellers will send you a little blueprint on how to construct by yourself.
WARNING: Additional costs may be: cellular rings for joining, bolt cutters and wires of 3 mm thickness for cross-reinforcement.
If you want to create it on your own, you need the following to have in mind.
STEP 1: Buy hard galvanized mashed wire ( buy 5% more than what you think you’ll need )
2: Mark out the size of the side of gabion to be
3: Cut out mesh wire with grinder
4: Bend the sides to gain form you want (rest you must cut)
5: Trim off any spikey bits
6: If you know how to weld, do it ( it is easier than using wires to put it together )
If not, secure 4 corners of the baskets with the wire supplied in your order.
You can put gabion boxes together in 3 different ways.
- With galvanized wire lace ( lace through every mesh opening in corners to form gabion shape. Beginning and the end of every lace should be secured. Cut it and turn into the interior side of the box.)
- With helical and wire, you will get some extra space to fill up gabions and retain form.
- With rings (This system will close every mesh edge opening and straighten the gabion walls.
From experience, I recommend the use of a hexagonal mesh wire because every damage that can appear will remain isolated.
Although any beginner can do this, it’s good to know that filling gabions with rocks need some learning on how to put them in a proper way. Fill the gabion unit by it’s third. Ensure that no larger voids or pieces occur out of the wall surface. Start putting rocks best surface to create gabions best-looking appearance. You don’t want to have bulging gabions so stack it in layers to get a reliable and compact unit.
DIY – Make Gabion Retaining Wall
Such support walls are solid and excellent for controlling the erosion of the garden. Also, they are very cheap and easy to make. However, this work requires some patience and a certain physical effort.
- First check this: Make proper foundation degree
- Is helical fits all joints? ( if using these )
- Are stones filled and stacked in a correct way?
- Is wall alignment looks nice to the observer?
- Deformation occurs, is it acceptable?
Second, you need to specify the area where you plan to set this wall. Measure the required wall length. Dig trenches, make some drainage in a place where you attend to put on the wall. Determine the width. Once you have determined these parameters, you will then calculate how much stones will you need.
A large number of stones can easily deform the appearance of your gabion, so be careful when choosing the thickness of the wire and the size of the basket. It is very important that the ground is straight for setting the gabion. Foundation here is necessary, but there must be no unevenness, only a flat and well-compacted ground. Besides, you can put a layer of gravel, and press it into the ground. This way your wall will get an even better foundation.
It’s necessary to repeat the line of the wall exactly. Some can be as 5-6 m high and must be inclined at 6 degrees from the vertical line to gain proper stability. You can make stepped or vertical one.
For your own safety, ensure the earth to be retained is terraced.
Use geotextile to prevent the earth from entering the gabion, but if you want to have plants coming from it, you don’t have to. The soil will serve as a home to some adaptable plant species.
Make Your Own Gabion Support Wall Niche
In case you own a land under a slope, you don’t have to worry. You can stop to complain that you have no place to make barbecue, where to set up a children’s pool or have a morning coffee.
You can create horizontal platforms yourself and with a bit of effort vertical one, and have a fairy-tale garden that is protected by gabion wall.
The terraced spaces are always inspiring, allowing you to leave imagination at will. But, ensure that such an environment remains natural.
From minimalist to completely wacky. Gabions are a chance for creativity. According to some architectural rule, terraces are always the most beautiful. Space is inspiring, so if you have a courtyard that allows you, create it like this. Of course with the help of the gabions.
Make upper terrace wooden and the terrain towards the house cover with small gravel. Let decorative grasses and perennials to dominate. To enjoy the beauty of the slope, leave an empty area.
Plants from the list, in the spring look gentle and in autumn are all in fired colors.
- CULVER’S ROOT ( Veroni-castrum ) 14 pieces
- RED DECORATIVE CHERRY ( Prunus “rancho” ) -3 pieces
- DECORATIVE GRASS (Mischantus sinesis ) -6 PIECES
- CHINESE FLOWERING DOGWOOD TREE
( Cornus cuosa) -1 piece
- GOLDEN OATS ( Stipa gigantea)- 4 pieces
- JAPANESE RED GRASS ( Imperata cylindrica)- 20 pieces
- MORINA ( Morina longifolia) -14 pieces
- WHITE CONEFLOWER (Echinacea purpurea “alba”) -16 pieces
- HELENIUM ( Helenium ) -10 pieces
- EUPHORBIA ( Euphorbia griffithii)- 11 pieces
- WHITE DOLLS DAISY (Boltonia astroides)- 3 pieces
- SNOWY MESPIL ( Amenlachier lamarckii) – 1 piece
Most of the work is in planning. You need to be aware that such a gabion carries all the load of the slope. Make the supporting walls wide at the bottom and less wide at the top. Leave vegetative pockets in the gabion, so your wall will not only be more attractive and natural, it will also erase the monotony of the wall itself. Such gabion is excellent for planting unpretentious climbing roses.
An excellent tip would be to use a local stone. Less processed one.
Before building the garden, I would suggest installing plumbing and drainage pipes on a single line. This will save you time and effort in the days of the necessary watering.
Today, gabions can be seen most often in modern landscapes. Still, they find their role in other stylistic gardens as human nature is always hungry for new and beautiful. The stone is an unavoidable element and the gabion is just one of the suggestions how your garden might look like. Is there a place in it for this stone beauty?
Author’s Bio: My name is Nenad Pejak, but people are calling me Nesh. I’m freelance writer for hire and natural health enthusiast, engaged in agriculture and landscaping, since I was 15 years old. Currently I am responsible for writing a blog (www.writersmeadow.com) on natural ways for people to maintain health and save agility.
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